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Brazil is characterized by five climate regions: equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, highland tropical and subtropical, varying drastically from the tropical north to the temperate zones in the south.

Southern Brazil has a subtropical temperate weather where frosts can occur in the winter (July and August). Here the seasons are exactly reversed from the ones in the Northern Hemisphere and occur as follows:

  • Spring: September – December
  • Summer: December – March
  • Autumn: March – June
  • Winter: June – September

The days in the Amazon region are generally warm, wet and humid with temperatures averaging 90 F/32 C. This region experiences two seasons: rainy from November to May and relatively dry from June to October.

Most of the country receives moderate rainfall, with the most rain falling during the summer, from December to March.

The rest of the country has in general only two seasons: the wet one during summer and the relatively dry one during winter.

Cities and Temperatures

Rio de Janeiro

The city has a tropical climate and the temperature is warm all year round. Summers last between November and March and are hot and humid. Winters last between June and September and are dry and warm.

Temperatures don’t vary much from season to season, averaging 86 F/30 C during the day and 69 F/20 C during the night.

Sao Paulo

The weather is warm all year round but not as sunny as you would expect in Brazil. The coldest month is July with temperatures averaging 71 F/21 C during the day and 55 F/12 C during the night. The hottest month is February when you can expect an average of 83 F/28 C during the day and 67 F/19 C during the night.

Best time to visit

Brazil is a country for all seasons but you have to consider the climate patterns if you want to visit the Amazon. You should plan to visit this area in the rainy (although not cold) season.